About warts and verrucas

Most people will get warts at some point in their life. Warts are a type of skin infection. These common skin growths can appear anywhere on the body. The virus which causes warts is contagious. You can get them from touching someone who has warts. This is why children and young adults are most often affected, although they can affect people at any age.

Warts can be painful, itchy, bothersome, unsightly or embarrassing and most people want to get rid of them as fast as possible.

While most warts are harmless, without treatment, they can persist for years – and will remain contagious throughout this time. Warts can then spread to other parts of the body, leading to more warts, or to other people. Timely and effective treatment interrupts this cycle.


Baby hand with a wart on the top

What are warts?

Warts and plantar warts are small growths of the skin caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). Warts often develop on the fingers or on the back of the hands. You can recognize the common wart by the rough ‘cauliflower-like’ appearance of the surface. The wart virus, which is very contagious, can be transmitted from person to person or from one body location to another by direct contact with an infected area.

Verrucas are similar to warts but occur only on the sole of the foot or underneath the toes. Generally painful, they often look like a small white ring of skin with black dots in the centre. Verrucas are also contagious.

Woman with her hands in front of her face

Symptoms of warts

Warts usually occur on your fingers, feet or hands.  They are small, grainy skin growths that are often flesh colored, white, pink or tan. They may feel rough to the touch. Warts often feature a pattern of tiny black dots which are small, clotted blood vessels.

What warts look like depends on the area of infection. The most common type of wart is the common wart (verruca vulgaris), plantar wart (verruca plantaris) and the plane wart (verruca plana). The common wart appears mostly on the hands and fingers and have a raised rough surface, contrary to the plane wart which is a flat-surfaced wart. The plantar wart is a skin-colored wart and occurs mostly on the feet or toes.

Bare feet in a swimming pool

How do you get warts?

Warts are contagious, they can be spread to other people from contaminated surfaces or through close skin contact. You’re more likely to spread warts if your skin is wet or damaged. It may take a few weeks or even months for warts to appear after initial infection.

You can reduce the chance of getting warts by taking precautionary measures. Wash your hands regularly and quit the habit of biting fingernails as this can also cause warts to spread on your fingertips and around your nails. Always avoid skin contact with existing warts and make sure not to share towels, shoes or other personal items. Another thing to avoid is going barefoot at swimming pools or in communal showers or changing rooms.